Do you want to know how to open and use MSConfig in Windows 10? On this post, I will talk about MSConfig and how to use it.
It is popularly known as Msconfig, and its full name is Microsoft’s System Configuration. It is not in sight of the average user of Windows, like Control Panel, because it is a tool to make system adjustments that you should not do if you do not know what you are doing.
Msconfig is available in Windows since version 98, so if you use Windows XP, 7, Vista, 8, 8.1 or 10, you can open this tool and solve startup problems, activate or deactivate services and processes, etc.
So, first in this post, we will see how to open MSConfig in Windows 10, then I will talk about his features.
Open MSConfig in Windows 10
There are several ways to open System Configuration in Windows 10, here I will show you some of the most popular and easy ways to open MSConfig.
Method #1: Search in Windows 10
You can open System Configuration using the Search box or Cortana, for that, you only need to type the following command: msconfig and select the option System Configuration.
Method #2: Run Window
You can also open System Configuration in Windows 10 using the Run Command, for that follow these easy steps.
Press the key combination Winkey + R
Type the command:
Press Enter to open System Configuration in Windows 10
Method #3: File Explorer
If you know the full path of this tool, you can open it easily in the File Explorer, for that you only need to open the File Explorer and copy and paste the following path:
Finally, press Enter to open the System Configuration in Windows 10.
MSConfig in Windows 10
Now I’m going to talk a little about MSConfig. Let’s start at the beginning, Its full name is System Configuration although it is traditionally known as MSConfig because it is the name of the file, and therefore of the command that you must type to open it.
The original idea of MSConfig was to allow you to fix problems related to the boot of Windows, but the function that has made it more accessible during all these years has been to be able to disable Windows startup programs, without the need to edit the Registry. Windows or install anything additional.
Precisely that function, edit the startup programs, lost it from Windows 8, redirecting instead to the Task Manager. Nowadays it is still a useful tool to fix Windows problems.
For now – because it could change in future versions of Windows – MSConfig consists of five tabs: General, Boot, Services, Windows Startup and Tools. Next, I will tell you what you can do in each one.
The General tab is the first you see right after opening MSConfig, and with it, you can modify the way Windows starts. You have three possibilities for this: a normal startup, diagnostic startup or selective startup.
Normal startup is the default option and assumes that the next time the System is restarted, Windows will boot without changes, as always.
Diagnostic startup is practically the same as Windows safe mode: it will load only what is necessary to start Windows. This can be useful if you have problems at the beginning of Windows, or if your PC has some virus or malware.
Selective startup is the option that lets you customize how you want Windows to boot. You can choose whether you want the system services, the startup items, or the original boot configuration loaded. If you modify the services of the System with its corresponding tab (that we will see later, this option is chosen automatically).
Boot is the name of the next MSConfig tab and also includes options related to the mode in which the Operating System starts. Generally, it would help if you didn’t touch anything here unless you know what you are doing. Otherwise, you can prevent Windows from starting.
If you have more than one operating System installed, you can choose which of them you want to be the default option and how long ( Waiting time ) you should wait for the start menu until you select that option if the user has not done so.
The Boot Options box allows you to choose different types of safe mode to select from Minimal, Alternate Shell, Active Directory Repair or Network. Other options allow you to choose Windows to boot without an interface (No GUI boot) if you want to save a boot record (Boot Log), if you’re going to load a standard video driver (Base Video) or if you’re going to see boot information from the OS.
Generally, you should not touch these options unless you have a problem with Windows and are trying to fix it. For example, the Base Video option can be useful if you have issues with the drivers of your graphics card.
In the same Boot tab, pressing in Advanced options opens another window with additional options on how Windows will start. With them, you can limit the number of processors or memory available to the System, something that generally will not be very useful for end users, but in other situations such as servers or virtual machines.
The services tab shows you all the services installed in the System. A service is like an app that runs in the background and makes the task easier for other apps. For example, the Windows Audio service is responsible for sound reproduction and the Print Queue service is responsible for managing the printing of files.
Most services are from Windows itself and are necessary for the System, although other applications can have their services. For example, Adobe and Google Chrome have theirs to manage automatic updates of their apps. In the own tab, you have the box Hide all Microsoft services to show only third-party services. This will be useful for you because you generally do not want to disable Windows services (as they might cause some functions to stop working).
From this tab, you can disable any service by unchecking its box. The service will be disabled the next time you restart Windows, so until you do it, it will still be active. Also, note that some Windows services can be disabled.
This tab used to be the most important, but its functionality has been removed and moved to the Windows Task Manager. The tab is still there, and in its content the only thing there is a link to open the startup manager in the Task Manager.
The last tab of MSConfig collects direct access to many Windows mini-tools that can be useful to solve problems related to Windows. The vast majority of them are accessible from the start menu, but here you will find the command to open them directly and without wasting time searching.
It includes the Registry Editor, UAC Configuration, Performance Monitor, Windows Troubleshooting, Command Prompt and a lot more. To date, 18 utilities are included in this list.
Wrapping Up: MSConfig in Windows 10
As you have seen, MSConfig will help you to find out what problem Windows has in the boot, you can solve performance issues by activating and deactivating startup programs and services, and you will find the most common maintenance tools together, although you will find some in the Start menu.